Pakistan: Implementing the new IMF programme to get out of the crisis will be challenging
The IMF has approved a 39-month financial package worth USD 6 bn. It allows for an immediate first loan disbursement of around USD 1 bn. This ...
West African Economic and Monetary Union: Despite strong economic growth performance, the risks confronting the WAEMU are rife
The WAEMU as part of the CFA franc zone
19 Jul 2019
Credendo – Export Credit Agency’s ‘AA/A-1+’ ratings affirmed by S&P Global
On 19 July, Standard & Poor’s (S&P Global) affirmed Credendo – Export Credit Agency’s ...
Turkey: Low liquidity and reliance on external funding remain Turkey’s Achilles heel
The gross foreign exchange reserves of Turkey are under continuous pressure even if they have increased compared to their low level ...
Historic EU-Mercosur agreement to have large impact on both trading blocs…if ratified
On 28 June, the EU and Mercosur (an economic trade bloc comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) announced that they reached a huge ...
China: African swine fever: game changer in the global agribusiness sector
The African swine fever (ASF) is a disease originating in Africa that affects domestic and wild pigs. Although the disease does not harm humans ...
OECD premium categories: Vietnam upgraded, Namibia and Zambia downgraded
In accordance with the country risk classifications of the OECD Arrangement, Credendo has upgraded Vietnam’s premium category for political risks ...
Papua New Guinea: New PM committed to a more redistributive pro foreign-investment policy
In early June, PM O’Neill stepped down before facing an expected vote of no confidence in Parliament. In power since 2011, he was replaced by former Finance Minister James Marape.
Papua New Guinea